Hysteroscopy is a procedure that helps the doctor to examine the interior of your uterus to detect and treat abnormal bleeding. Hysteroscopy is a technique that includes injecting a small, lighted tube into the vaginal canal to view the cervix and the interior of the uterus.

Hysteroscopy's Benefits

  • Short recovery period.
  • Doing a hysterectomy is prevented.
  • Avoids ‘open abdominal  surgery’ if at all possible.
  • Find out the cause behind infertility.
  • Find out the cause of miscarriages..
  • Examine any fibroids,polyps or septum in uterus.

Hysteroscopy :Stepwise

The treatment is done as an outpatient procedure. Before the operation, the patient is asked to put on a robe and drain their bladder. 

Short General Anaesthesia (GA)is given.

After cleaning the vaginal area with an antiseptic solution , a hysteroscope is gently placed into the vagina, via the cervix, then through the uterus.

The region is then checked for abnormalities, with biopsy samples and images taken. 

Once the corrective measures have been taken, the hysteroscope is removed gently after the test

The patient is kept under observation for sometime and then discharged.

Types of Hysteroscopy :

  • Diagnostic Hysteroscopy
  • Operative Hysteroscopy

The diagnostic Hysteroscopy is done to assess the abnormalities in the cavity of uterus whereas The operative Hysteroscopy procedure is used to remove fibroids, correct a blocked fallopian tube that is stopping the egg from fertilizations ,removal of the septum in the uterus or cutting adhesions present in the uterine cavity.

Also, the technique assists in the detection of intrauterine tumours. The treatment also aids in the removal of mucosal myomas, which are a significant cause of infertility. It is a healthy therapy that increases the odds of natural pregnancy when restoring menstrual function. Endometrial polyps are removed, and uterine irregularities are corrected.

If done by a professional, this operation is effective and has a smaller chance of complications. Following the hysteroscopy operation, minor irritation similar to menstrual  cramps can occur. The cramps will go down after a few days, and painkillers will be administered to alleviate the agony. 

To prevent infection, the patient should refrain from consuming alcohol and engaging in sexual intercourse for a few days after the treatment.

Consult Dr. Ramya Mishra Shukla for more information on hysteroscopy.